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Sail of ship has been always there. Ancient maritime has witnessed the usage of rafts to boat of a first kind with frame of sticks covered with sewn hides expertly. The boats are meant to carry more loads easily. Austronesian are the ones who made it to be primary ones to go for sailing and their location is around Southern China and Taiwan. They have invented several as catamarans, crab claw sails and outriggers which made the sailing to open ocean possible and expanded their territory during 3000 BC to 1500 BC. Furthermore, there were revolutions from usage of hands to paddle till utilization of simple oar which then further evolve to designs of pole. Widening and flattening of it has created success in deep water sailing which faced transformation of oar-a-paddle which is on sides of boats. Sailing invention was a ultimate achievement in maritime history as more longer journey was able to be embarked. Sooner later, sailing cargo ships were developed and credits earned by Egyptians. Stones were the materials transported using the ship and used mainly for building. Maritime industry will always owe big to Phoenicians as they are the pioneers of wooden sailing vessels which sail high seas after centuries. Phoenicians made galleys from dugouts with sail and oars to provide power which rowers were arranged at two levels depending on the size of galley. As years passed, in order to avoid risk of water damage, cargo was transported in large gallon barrels called tons. The crew could now sleep on big leather bags on deck; the passenger space was termed “steerage” and this term is still in use today to refer to passenger accommodation of minimal facilities.

Today’s marine industry operates in four key areas: naval, commercial, leisure and offshore renewable energy.


SEAGROW comprises these four main sectors & heading towards Innovative Marine Industry to simplified the accessibility of world’s need.

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